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Common Keyboard Shortcuts in Windows 95, 98, Me, 2000, XP, 7, 8, 10

Some of these work only in Windows (all versions). Others work across the board in all programs.

F1 Opens HELP window for whatever is active

F2 Rename a SELECTED item

F3 Opens FIND

F5 Refreshes a window

F10 Highlights MENU bar. Touch underlined letters to activate

ALT-F4 CLOSES window, same as X

STARTS SHUT DOWN if no Programs are active


ALT-ESC Switches windows

ALT-TAB Switches windows

Print Screen Copies entire window to clipboard

ALT-Print Screen Copies active window to cb

ALT-Spacebar Opens CONTROL menu

ALT-S Opens START menu sometimes

ARROW KEYS can scroll, move cursor, change icons depending on what is active

BACKSPACE changes folder level in Explorer And My Computer

CTRL-ALT-DELETE Opens List of open Programs. Doing it a second time restarts computer


CTRL-DELETE Deletes from cursor to end of word

CTRL-END Moves cursor to end of list or doc

CTRL-ESC Opens START Menu anytime

CTRL-HOME Moves cursor to beginning of list or doc

CTRL-A Selects ALL (except in WordPerfect)

CTRL-C Copies selected material to clipboard

CTRL-N Start NEW file (in some programs)

CTRL-O Start OPEN file (in some programs)

CTRL-P PRINTS active document (ditto)

CTRL-S SAVES active document (ditto)

CTRL-V PASTES clipboard contents to cursor

CTRL-X Cuts selected material to clipboard

CTRL-Z Reverses last action

DELETE Deletes selected material

ESC Cancels last action or open menu

Page Down Scrolls down on window

Page Up Scrolls up one window

Shift-Delete bypasses Recycle bin

Shift Tab Moves backward in buttons

Tab Moves forward in buttons in dialog boxes



1. Some ALT- commands require holding the ALT key down while touching the second key.

2. Selected (Highlighted) material will be DELETED by touching any key except cursor controls.

3. Clipboard holds only one item. Cutting or copying a new item deletes the previous one.

4. Look for shortcuts listed in menus to right of menu item or underlined letter and the icon that is used in the toolbar.

5. Most double click operations can be replaced by a single click and touch enter.

6. Look for shortcut lists in books and magazines, on the Internet and in Help files. In Windows go to Start, Help, and look for keyboard shortcuts.

Now here is the trick to remember them: When you drop a menu in a program, the keyboard shortcut is listed on the right of each item that has a shortcut. The figure below shows a sample example using this windows in DreamWeaver. The Edit menu is dropped. Notice that the keyboard shortcuts are listed. Cut and Copy are black because I highlighted a word before doing a print screen. Paste is still grayed out (Ghosted) because nothing was selected in Cut or Copy to be pasted. Many of these items a common to all programs. Some are only in DreamWeaver

Now here is how you use these shortcuts effectively: Suppose you are typing a letter and want to save it. Just touch Ctrl + S instead of grabbing the mouse.
To cut or copy something, select (highlight) the item to be copied, use Ctrl + X or + C, move cursor to new location, use Ctrl + V. Once you get used to this, it speeds up the operation, especially if doing it repeatedly.
I use the select all, Ctrl + A frequently.

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