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Question from a client:
I have a problem with passwords. When I turn on the computer, Windows asks for a Password. Is it required? Can it be bypassed?
I've updated this discussion to reflect Windows 10.
There are multiple places to use passwords in a computer and they create a lot of confusion. Let me review the various places passwords are used.
First a definition: A password is used to allow controlled access to a specific function. Note: Passwords are case sensitive, meaning you must type upper or lower case correctly.
The functions in a computer that can be passworded are:
Initial starting of the computer, called BIOS password. Click
Here for further discussion.
2. Starting Windows. On first installing or reinstalling Windows or starting a new computer, you may be asked if you want a password. If you enter one, you will be asked each time you start or restart the computer. If you do not enter one and click OK, you will not be asked again and no password is required. In windows 10, your password is tied to your Microsoft account. if you do not have an account you may be asked to create one. If you do, and have multiple computers, they will all require the same Microsoft password.
See Creating or Changing the Windows Password Below
Internet and the web. All ISP's (Internet service providers) require
a password to access their system. You may have it set so that it
is entered automatically when you connect, but if there is a wrong
password or no password, you will not be allowed access. If you forget
the password, you are out of luck and must contact the ISP to retrieve
it or get a new one. (Good luck here too! Just make sure you record
4. Network password. If you have a network in use, you may be required to enter a password to use the network. This may or may not coincide with the password in number 3 above. In some networks (Novel, NT, Windows and others) you may have limited access as a user or full access as an administrator. Logging on as a user prevents you from making changes to the computer. Most businesses, schools and libraries are set up this way.
Creating or Changing the Windows Password:
A: If you do not have a password and want to add one, Use the Password
icon in the Control Panel. Skip the box asking for current password
(leave blank). Enter your new password in the second and third boxes
and click OK. You will get a message that the password has been successfully
changed. (From nothing to something). The main purpose is to keep
unwanted people from using the computer without your permission. As
you will see a little later, this only keeps out inexperienced users.
Creating or Changing Other Passwords
BIOS: As mentioned above, this requires someone with a reasonable amount of computer skill. Click Here for further discussion.
Internet: Contact the company that controls the access.
Network: Contact the Network Administrator. If that is yourself, you should already know how or you need to be instructed in the network administration.
Folders and files: Open My Computer. Right click on each icon and look for a menu item called Sharing. If it is not there, you do not have a Windows network and cannot password these items. If it is there, select it and look at the dialog box to see if it has the Not Shared or Shared button selected. If the Shared As button is selected, you are allowing access to anyone on the network. If you do want this to be shared, then it should be passworded. This function requires two passwords. One allows "Read Only" access. Anyone using this password can look at/ and or copy the data, but cannot change or erase it. The Full access password allows full access to do anything.
If this does not answer your questions, please E-Mail me using the link below.
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